ibn Hubayrah ash-Shaybani fled to Mu`awiyah because he had purchased some
prisoners of Banu Najiyah from an executive of Amir al-mu'minin, but when
he demanded the price the latter avoided and ran to Syria, Amir
be bad to Masqalah. He acted like the noble but fled away like a slave.
Before his admirer could speak (about him) he silenced him and before his
eulogist could testify to his good deeds he closed his mouth. If he had
stayed behind we would have taken from him what he could easily pay and
waited for the balance till his money increased.
When after Arbitration the Kharijites rose, a man of Bani Najiyah from
them named al-Khirrit ibn Rashid an-Naji stood up for instigating people
and set off towards al-Mada'in with a group killing and marauding. Amir
al-mu'minin sent Ziyad ibn Khasafah with three hundred men to check him.
When the two forces met at
al-Mada'in they attacked each other with swords. Only one encounter or so
had taken place when the gloom of evening prevailed and the battle had to
be stopped. When morning appeared Ziyad's men noticed that five dead
bodies of the Kharijites were lying and they themselves had cleared off
the battlefield. Seeing this Ziyad set off for Basrah along with his men.
There he came to know that
the Kharijites had gone to Ahwaz. Ziyad did not move onwards for paucity
of force and informed Amir al-mu'minin of it.
Amir al-mu'minin called back
Ziyad and sent Ma`qil ibn Qays ar-Riyah'i with two thousand experienced
combatants towards Ahwaz and wrote to the governor of Basrah `Abdullah ibn
`Abbas to send two thousand swordsmen of Basrah for the help of Ma`qil.
Consequently, the contingent from Basrah also joined them at Ahwaz and
after proper organisation they got ready for attacking the enemy. But
al-Khirrit marched on along with his men to the hills of Ramhurmuz. These
people also followed him and overtook him near these hills.
Both arrayed their forces
and started attacking each other. The result of this encounter was also
that three hundred and seventy Kharijites were killed in the battlefield
while the rest ran away. Ma`qil informed Amir al-mu'minin of his
performance and of the enemy's running away when Amir al-mu'minin directed
him to chase them and so to shatter their power that they should not be
able to raise heads again.
On receipt of this order he
moved on and overtook him on the coast of the Persian gulf where
al-Khirrit had by persuasion secured the co-operation of the people and
enlisting men from here and there, had collected a considerable force.
When Ma`qil reached there, he raised the flag of peace and announced that
those who had collected from here and there should get away. They would
not be molested.
The effect of this
announcement was that save for his own community all others deserted him.
He organised those very men and commenced the battle but valorous
combatants of Basrah and Kufah displayed such excellent use of swords that
in a short time one hundred and seventy men of the insurgents were killed
while an-Nu`man ibn Suhban ar-Rasib'i encountered al-Khirrit (ibn Rashid
an-Naji) and eventually felled him and killed him.
Soon upon his fall the enemy
lost ground and they fled away from the battlefield. Thereafter Ma`qil
collected all the men, women and children from their camps at one place.
From among them those who were Muslims were released after swearing of
Those who had turned
heretics were called upon to resume Islam. Consequently except one old
Christian all others secured release by accepting Islam and this old man
Then he took with him those
Christians of Bani Najiyah who had taken part in this revolt together with
their families. When Ma`qil reached Ardashir Khurrah (a city of Iran)
these prisoners wailed and cried, before its governor Masqalah ibn
Hubayrah ash-Shaybani and beseeched humiliatively to do something for
Masqalah sent word to Ma`qil
through Dhuhl ibn al-Harith to sell these prisoners to him. Ma`qil agreed
and sold those prisoners to him for five hundred thousand Dirhams and told
him to dispatch the price immediately to Amir al-mu'minin.
He said that he was sending
the first instalment at once and the remaining instalments would also be
When Ma`qil met Amir
al-mu'minin he related the whole event before him. Amir al-mu'minin
ratified this action and waited for the price for some time, but Masqalah
observed such deep silence as if nothing was due from him.
At last Amir al-mu'minin
sent a messenger to him and sent him word to either send the price or to
come himself. On Amir al-mu'minin's order he came to Kufah and on demand
of the price paid two hundred thousand Dirhams but to evade the balance
went away to Mu`awiyah's who made him the governor of Tabarastan. When
Amir al-mu'minin came to know all this he spoke these words (as in this
Its sum total is that, "If
he had stayed we would have been considerate to him in demanding the price
and would have waited for improvement of his financial condition, but he
fled away like slaves after displaying a showy act. Talk about his high
perseverance had just started when people began to discuss his baseless