`Abdullah ibn `Abbas says that when Amir al-mu'minin set out for war with
the people of Basrah he came to his audience at Dhiqar and saw that he was
stitching his shoe. Then Amir al-mu'minin said to me, "What is the price
of this shoe?" I said: "It has no value now." He then said, "By Allah, it
should have been more dear to me than ruling over you but for the fact
that I may establish right and ward off wrong." Then he came out and
Allah sent Muhammad (p.b.u.h.a.h.p.) when none among the Arabs read a book
or claimed prophethood. He guided the people till he took them to their
(correct) position and their salvation. So their spears (i.e. officers)
became straight and their conditions settled down.
surely I was in their lead till it took shape with its walls. I did not
show weakness or cowardice. My existing march is also like that. I shall
certainly pierce the wrong till right comes out of its side.
(cause of conflict) is there between me and the Quraysh? By Allah, I have
fought them when they were unbelievers and I shall fight them when they
have been misled. I shall be the same for them today as I was for them
the Quraysh only take revenge against us because Allah has given us (i.e.
the Holy Prophet and his progeny) preference over them. So, we have
allowed them into our domain, whereupon they have become as the former
life, you continued drinking fresh milk every morning,
And (continued) eating fine stoned dates with butter;
We have given you the nobility which you did not possess before;
And surrounded (protected) you with thoroughbred horses and
tawny-coloured spears (strong spears)
In fact, the aim of the poet here is to say that the condition of the
addressee's life, from the moral and material point of view, had been
worse in the past, and that the poet and his tribe have given him the best
means of leading their lives.
But as the result of this
improved condition the addressee has completely lost himself and forgotten
his past condition and thinks that he had had this kind of life
Now, Amir al-mu'minin wants
to convey the same idea here to the Quraysh as Fatimah (p.b.u.h.) the holy
daughter of the Holy Prophet said in her speech on Fadak:
(O' People) ... You were on
the brink of the pit of Hell Fire (Qur'an, 3:103). You were as worthless
as the mouthful of water. You were minority like the handful greedy and a
spark of the hasty. You were as down-trodden as the dust under feet. You
drank dirty water. You ate untanned skin. You were abased and condemned.
But Allah has rescued you through my father Muhammad (p.b.u.h.a.h.p.). . .